Safety in Numbers: Bacterial Resistance in Space Bacterial cells were found to be more resistant to space hazards when grouped together as aggregates and could even protect secondary bacterial species.

Space is a dangerous place. Astronauts are wrapped up in layers of protection that regulate pressure, temperature, and oxygen. This protection has been developed through decades of medical research and testing, just to keep astronauts alive. The main space hazards READ MORE

Good Feelings and Long Term Pain Opioids Change how we Experience Rewards by Affecting Brain Circuitry

How many times have you hurt yourself badly? How many friends and family members do you know who suffer from sharp pain? In many of these situations doctors will prescribe opioids to numb the pain and prevent the development of READ MORE

Heating Up the Microbial Soup: Warm Oceans May Benefit Cyanobacteria Cyanobacteria can grow better with limited nutrients if the water temperature is increased, but only to a certain extent.

The oceans are warming due to climate change and this will impact all oceanic life, from the smallest plankton to the largest tuna. The web of life in the ocean is complex, and so exactly which ecosystems will be affected READ MORE

Can life hiding near Yellowstone National Park’s hot springs tell us about the ancient Earth? Sunlight-driven life hiding under layers of silica near Yellowstone’s hot springs may hold clues for what Earth was like billions of years ago

Yellowstone National Park is famous for its hot springs, geysers, wildlife, and incredible geology. While the area is popular among visitors every year, scientists are also excited about the hot springs at this site as they create unique habitats for READ MORE

Bacteria with Nanowires can Electrocute Metals Instead of Breathe Recycling Expensive and Toxic Metals with Bacteria

All life on Earth has to respire. For us this means inhaling oxygen to fuel our metabolism and exhaling waste gases like carbon dioxide. When we do this, we move the energy  from the food we eat to the oxygen READ MORE

“Hulk”-like microorganisms in soil can survive high levels of gamma radiation Scientists exposed soil microorganisms to low, medium, and high doses of gamma radiation to see who could survive

In the Marvel Universe, Bruce Banner exposed his body to high doses of gamma radiation during an experiment in his lab. The gamma radiation deformed Bruce’s DNA, so whenever he became angry, he could turn into the Hulk. In the READ MORE

Are the Building Blocks of Life From A Hydrothermal Vent? How studying hydrothermal systems gives us a window into our past

When scientists think of a very early Earth, they think of a hot, hostile place not too long after the birth of the solar system more than 4 billion years ago. This time in the Earth’s history is called the READ MORE

How the body responds to synthetic THC product “Spice” Researchers performed the first study of the behavioral, physiological, cognitive, and subjective experiences caused by synthetic cannabis products in humans, showing that it is in fact more potent than THC.

The line “times they are a changin’,” as Bob Dylan sang in 1964, describes the state of cannabis research aptly. As cannabis and related products are becoming increasingly accepted or legalized around the world, it has opened doors for researching READ MORE

The impact of antibiotic resistant infections in Europe Antibiotic-resistant bacteria cause a heavy burden of infections, deaths, and disability-adjusted life years within 30 countries in Europe

A new investigation into antibiotics resistance shows just how big of an issue antibiotic-resistant bacteria is right now, and we need to find a way to stop these infections from occurring and affecting so many people around the world.