We can learn about life on other planets by studying viruses These scientists suggest that perhaps viruses were the first "life form" on Earth, a provocative idea!

Scientists from the University of Zurich and the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, as well as the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have come together to summarize recent evidence has challenged our working theory on the origin READ MORE

A Special Kind of Bacteria Lets Cement Fix Itself Mineral-forming bacteria that grow best in fast-flowing liquid may be the glue that researchers need to close cracks in underground cement.

Cement is one of those common building materials that you can find just about anywhere. When the cement starts to get cracked, fixing it is generally an easy task that involves widening the crack slightly before filling it with more READ MORE

Mining with acid-generating bacteria Sulfuric acid production by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria may be a solution to a long standing mining problem.

Sulfuric acid production by sulfur-oxidizing bacteria may be a solution to a long standing mining problem.

Dying Coral Reefs are Springing Forward with New Life Researchers look at the mix of bacteria that established themselves within damaged coral reefs.

Our coral reef ecosystems, often called “underwater rainforests,” are quickly changing. Coral reefs are elaborate and complex ecosystems and even though they make up only a small fraction of the ocean, they contain 25% of all marine life. Reefs are READ MORE

Antibiotic resistance is natural and it is everywhere Researchers have found bacteria with antibiotic resistance genes in Antarctic environments untouched by humans.

Antibiotic resistance is a major public health crisis worldwide as bacteria develop the ability to defend themselves against many, sometimes all, of the antibiotics we have at our disposal. Infections caused by these bacteria are often life-threatening. In order to READ MORE

Parkinson’s Disease and Antioxidant Treatment A recent study highlights a promising potential therapy for the neurodegenerative disease

Parkinson’s disease currently affects over 10 million people worldwide, and in the United States approximately 60,000 people are diagnosed with the disease each year. It is a disease in which the brain cells, or neurons, that produce dopamine progressively die READ MORE

Can Fish Help Us Understand Why We Age? Fish that age rapidly and fish that live extremely long lives are different in terms of the compounds present in their blood.

What exactly causes aging at a molecular level? The answer to this question is important for understanding and potentially improving health and life itself.  In order to begin to answer this question, researchers at the Institute of Biomedical Chemistry in READ MORE

Oxygen, nitrogen, and what happens when biology gets involved How the Great Oxidation Event and photosynthesis created the nitrogen cycle we know today

When studying Earth’s past, researchers want to understand how nutrients like nitrogen cycled and the impact biology had on them. Scientists rely on ancient rock, soil, fossils, and marine sediment to understand the world that used to be.  Approximately 2.5 READ MORE

Monarch Migration Disrupted The migration pattern of monarch butterflies is extremely fragile and we may be disrupting this critical stage in their lifecycle

Have you ever raised monarch butterflies? Finding eggs on milkweed plants and bringing them indoors to protect them from predators while at the same time watching the beauty of their transformation is a common childhood experience for people in North READ MORE

Safety in Numbers: Bacterial Resistance in Space Bacterial cells were found to be more resistant to space hazards when grouped together as aggregates and could even protect secondary bacterial species.

Space is a dangerous place. Astronauts are wrapped up in layers of protection that regulate pressure, temperature, and oxygen. This protection has been developed through decades of medical research and testing, just to keep astronauts alive. The main space hazards READ MORE