Humans in Space!

What happens when astronaut teams don’t get along?

Professor Contractor Noshir knows how to help you get along better with your coworkers. He studies the interpersonal dynamics of crews in extreme environments,…


Microbes from extreme environments help us study space

Space is a hostile place. It has numerous stressors which make it seem impossible for Earth-like life to thrive there. Some of these stresses include harmful…


Building a better spacesuit for a trip to Mars

An intra-vehicular space suit and a storm shelter will help protect astronauts from radiation during a trip to Mars. Infusing the suit material with graphene…


How does the human body react to being in space?

Is going to space safe for human health? Two astronauts, who were twins, volunteered for a research study to look at how the body changes when it goes into…


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Altruism, in principle, is selfless action for the well-being of others. Altruism may help us achieve our space exploration goals. Space agencies like NASA, SpaceX, and ESA  are funding new projects to commercialize asteroids, the Moon, and Mars. These projects could deliver economic  as well as scientific benefits…

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We know very little about the insides of planets. For Earth, scientists have been able to use seismic waves to map out the various layers. For planets like Jupiter and Saturn, however, who are mostly made up of gases like hydrogen and helium, they have had to resort to developing computer models to understand their…

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Since we are currently unable to visit some of the distant places in our solar system, we send probes to visit them for us. Only four spacecraft have visited Saturn, and for roughly 20 years some of the best data we had were images taken during the flybys of Pioneer 11, Voyager 1, and Voyager 2. That changed with the…

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On Earth, gravity moves the fluids in our body downward from our head to our feet. But, the lack of gravity in space can cause an increased fluid build-up in our head. Scientists have found that spending a long time in space expands the size and volume of fluid in the brain, leading to long-term health problems.

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Scientists from the University of Zurich and the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, as well as the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have come together to summarize recent evidence has challenged our working theory on the origin of life. Previously, scientists thought early life may have arisen from…

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On a clear night you might easily see Jupiter, Mars or other planets from our solar system. This is how astronomers from thousands of years ago discovered the first planets. We cannot directly observe planets that are farther out in our solar system, as are Neptune and Uranus, so, of course, we cannot see planets that…