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Osteoblasts are cells that are responsible for bone formation. A lack of osteoblasts will cause osteoporosis – a disease that occurs when the body has too little bone. The current treatments for osteoporosis either slow down bone resorption, or promote the growth of osteoblasts. However, these treatments are often…

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In recent decades the search for extraterrestrial life has seen major advancements in technology and methodology. The search for biosignatures on exoplanets around stars similar to ours has brought about new questions, such as: “How will we know life exists on another planet without visiting it?” To answer this…

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The immune system is your body’s personal army of soldiers — when it comes across potentially harmful invaders like viruses and bacteria, it will flag those invaders for destruction. However, this defense system is not always perfect. In some cases, it may become overly active and attack healthy body cells,…

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A team of scientists has made valves which can operate on tiny channels of fluid the width of 3 human hairs! This paper, published in the Journal of Biomedical Microdevices, represents a step forward in lab technology. Creating a tiny valve like this could have important implications for cancer research, where fluids…