Eye exams can help diagnose syphilis and HIV Syphilis of the eye is almost twice as common in syphilis patients living with HIV compared to those who are not.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection, which if it not treated properly, can lead to complications and symptoms involving the eye, including inflammation, redness, and even vision loss. These complications are referred to as ocular syphilis. There have been a READ MORE

What if the entire planet had it’s own flag? A scientist proposes that as we explore space, the Blue Marble flag should be used as a symbol for the citizens of Earth.

By Eric Moyer and Gina Riggio Blue Marble Space Young Scientist Program Since humanity’s first journey off the ground, advances in space exploration and aviation have been a fierce competition among nations on the international stage. Sanjoy Som writes in READ MORE

A crater on Mars may be a future landing site Rock formations on the Jezero Crater on Mars give us clues that there were probably active rivers there at some point.

Here on Earth, scientists study layers of sediment like dirt and sand to better understand how rocks form. The same contextual clues geologists use to explain how sedimentary rocks form on Earth can also be applied to extraterrestrial planets. Recent READ MORE

What Do Bats and the Ebola Virus Have in Common? Researchers find modern day bats share a gene with an ancestor of Ebola, and may actually be using it

Genes are the blueprints of organisms. Your hair color, height, voice, and many other traits, all are determined by the genes. You inherited half of these genes from your mother and half from your father when you were conceived. However, READ MORE

Did Humans Really Kill Most of the Animals and Plants? We may be the most successful land mammal, but pound for pound, plants and bacteria still have us beat.

We may be the most successful land mammal, but pound for pound, plants and bacteria still have us beat.

Viruses May Eventually Be Used to Deliver Gene Therapy Scientists hope to use viruses like the encephalitis virus to introduce healthy genes to our bodies

New approaches for preventing and treating illnesses are on the rise, including the use of gene therapy through vaccines. With this technique, healthy copies of genes can be introduced to the body to reverse the bad effects of genes working READ MORE

Music Makes Our Body Move Unawares Researchers show that your body grooves to music even when you don’t know it's happening!

Be it tapping our feet, nodding, or simply swaying, music makes us move! However, did you know that the body moves to music even when we’re not aware of it? These small movements are referred to as “micromotion”, and have READ MORE

First Clinical Trial of Stem Cell Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease Seven patients will be followed for 2 years after being injected with stem cells, with the hopes of replacing the brain cells that have died.

A landmark clinical trial was announced recently by researchers at Kyoto University. For the first time in history, this trial tests the use of stem cells for the treatment of a major degenerative brain disease: Parkinson’s disease. The significance of READ MORE

Detecting Toxins Produced by Algae A portable tool for detecting the cyanobacteria toxin responsible for harmful algal blooms in drinking water sources may be soon on its way

Harmful algal blooms are becoming an increasing problem in areas around the world, including the Great Lakes, where drinking water is obtained from surface water sources, such as lakes and rivers. When agricultural nutrients and urban waste runoff enters these READ MORE

Babies Learn About Eye Contact Early in Life More evidence shows that socializing is an important human behavior for brain development, even for infants.

As infants, we absorb any information our surroundings have to offer, especially if other humans are involved. Infants can recognize their native language, the faces of their own species, and even the faces of their own race. It’s all part READ MORE