Chemicals on mineral surfaces may have jumpstarted life Researchers observed selected biological molecules multiplying and fueling their own chemistry across mineral surfaces, resembling the patterns of a living metabolism.

Were metabolic pathways established before life emerged? New experiments observe life-like patterns self-propagating on #mineral surfaces. #astrobiology #geobiology

A new kind of battery that removes carbon dioxide from the air Engineers at MIT invented a device that uses something called "electro-swing absorption" to take carbon dioxide from the air and allow it to be stored or used for other industries.

Nature has been able to filter out CO2 from our air for millions of years. So how might a battery prove to be our own artificial tree? #sustainability #environment #carbonemissions

A peek into stellar childhood: How do stars grow? Researchers used the latest technology to unveil the mystery over star formation. What they found confirmed a 30-year-old theory at the foundations of stellar astronomy that tells us how stars go from small balls of gas to fully grown Suns like ours.

Maybe you didn’t have a stellar childhood, but stars definitely did. (Get it?) Learn about a major research project that investigated one mechanism involved in how stars get bigger.

Putting algae in space teaches us how life responds to harsh environments A species of blue-green algae that can live in rocks could resist radiation and extreme space weather, and returned to Earth still viable!

Extremophiles can literally survive in many conditions, even in the extreme radiation of space. Read this article to learn how extremophiles help us understand the search for life in the universe.

Could a Deadly Gas Be a Sign of Life? The presence of carbon monoxide on exoplanets is no longer a reason to discount the possibility of the presence of life.

How do scientists look for life in the universe? Usually they look for gasses that would support life, and assume anything toxic to us would be toxic to life. Perhaps that isn’t true across the board.

Looking for life by looking for metabolism Metabolites like amino acids and lipids are potential biomarkers to guide life detection efforts beyond Earth

How can amino acids, lipids, and other metabolites help scientists with life detection in space? #Astrobiologists look at how our cells function and use that information to develop strategies for searching for evidence of life beyond Earth.

Dried plums may protect astronaut’s bones from radiation damage In a mouse study, researchers from NASA Ames Research Center have demonstrated that compounds in plums may protect bones from radiation damage.

Dried plums outperformed some medications in a bone health study (in mice) at NASA Ames.

NASA is sending yeast into deep space NASA will generate invaluable data on yeast’s response to deep space radiation by launching the BioSentinel satellite in 2021. Here’s how they’ll do it.

NASA will generate invaluable data on yeast’s response to deep space radiation by launching the BioSentinel satellite in 2021. Here’s how they’ll do it.  It’s an exciting time to be interested in space. We’re in an era of scientific discovery READ MORE

There may be other ways to build DNA and RNA Researchers have made a synthetic DNA that is made of eight bases instead of the normal four. This genetic system was capable of supporting the requirements of life. This work lays the foundation of how life could look on a different world.

One of the most fundamental building blocks of life on earth is DNA. This molecule consists of four base pairs and a negatively charged backbone that come together to form the double helix. If life existed elsewhere in the universe, READ MORE

Growing plants on the surface of the Moon and Mars Researchers tested the growth of 10 different common food crops in simulated regolith, a rocky substance lacking organic material found on the surface of Mars and the Moon.

The reality of being able to live and settle on Martian or lunar bases can seem like it is getting close. To do this, we need to be able to grow our own food there. This is a category of READ MORE