3.5 billion-year-old microbial mats in sedimentary rock found in Australia

Evidence of 3.5 billion-year-old bacterial ecosystems found in Australia Washington, D.C.— Reconstructing the rise of life during the period of Earth’s history when it first evolved is challenging. Earth’s oldest sedimentary rocks are not only rare, but also almost always READ MORE

If all human-related deforestation of the tropics were to stop, the forests could absorb the equivalent of one-fifth of global emissions

Reducing deforestation in the tropics would significantly cut the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere – by as much as one-fifth – research shows. In the first study of its kind, scientists have calculated the amount of carbon READ MORE

Increasing ocean temperatures means less zooplankton and therefore less fish

Phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass will decrease 6 percent and 11 percent due to climate change Sea surface temperature is expected to increase 2 ºC on average globally by 2080-2100. Some of the consequences of this increase include changes in ocean READ MORE

10,000 species of birds today thanks to incredible adaptive radiation in early dinosaur evolution

Shrinking helped dinosaurs and birds to keep evolving A study that has ‘weighed’ hundreds of dinosaurs suggests that shrinking their bodies may have helped the group that became birds to continue exploiting new ecological niches throughout their evolution, and become READ MORE