Good Feelings and Long Term Pain Opioids Change how we Experience Rewards by Affecting Brain Circuitry

How many times have you hurt yourself badly? How many friends and family members do you know who suffer from sharp pain? In many of these situations doctors will prescribe opioids to numb the pain and prevent the development of READ MORE

Heating Up the Microbial Soup: Warm Oceans May Benefit Cyanobacteria Cyanobacteria can grow better with limited nutrients if the water temperature is increased, but only to a certain extent.

The oceans are warming due to climate change and this will impact all oceanic life, from the smallest plankton to the largest tuna. The web of life in the ocean is complex, and so exactly which ecosystems will be affected READ MORE

Can life hiding near Yellowstone National Park’s hot springs tell us about the ancient Earth? Sunlight-driven life hiding under layers of silica near Yellowstone’s hot springs may hold clues for what Earth was like billions of years ago

Yellowstone National Park is famous for its hot springs, geysers, wildlife, and incredible geology. While the area is popular among visitors every year, scientists are also excited about the hot springs at this site as they create unique habitats for READ MORE

Bacteria with Nanowires can Electrocute Metals Instead of Breathe Recycling Expensive and Toxic Metals with Bacteria

All life on Earth has to respire. For us this means inhaling oxygen to fuel our metabolism and exhaling waste gases like carbon dioxide. When we do this, we move the energy  from the food we eat to the oxygen READ MORE

Believe it or not, we can (kind of) measure the air pressure of early Earth! Blue-green algae's response to different nitrogen pressures may tell us what fossils to look for and what those fossils tell us about ancient air pressure.

Blue-green algae’s response to different nitrogen pressures may tell us what fossils to look for and what those fossils tell us about ancient air pressure.

Lasers and Fool’s Gold Give a Glimpse Into Our Ocean’s Past The amount of pyrite in the sea floor gives us an idea of how much oxygen was in the ocean millions of years ago.

The amount of trace elements in ocean pyrite correspond to ocean oxygen concentrations at different points in geologic time.

Chasing Alien Worlds with a Flying Telescope SOFIA is the name of a telescope that flies in the stratosphere to collect data that is unimpeded by the Earth's atmosphere

The airborne Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a flying observatory aboard a modified Boeing 747 that takes infrared astronomy readings at approximately 41,000 feet above the Earth’s surface. It recently observed a mini-eclipse of the extrasolar planet named READ MORE

Why is the Sun Yellow? Red dwarf stars are much more common, so are we a fluke?

Jacob Haqq-Misra, Ravi Kopparapu, and Eric Wolf attempt to address this question in a recent paper titled “Why do we find ourselves around a yellow star instead of a red star?” and published in International Journal of Astrobiology.

Betting on Aliens Would you invest in the search for extraterrestrials for a chance to win big?

If intelligent aliens exist somewhere in the depths of space, then should we see signs of their technology? This question has motivated scientists involved in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) to hunt for evidence of tell-tale signs of alien READ MORE