Humans in Space!

What happens when astronaut teams don’t get along?

Professor Contractor Noshir knows how to help you get along better with your coworkers. He studies the interpersonal dynamics of crews in extreme environments,…


Microbes from extreme environments help us study space

Space is a hostile place. It has numerous stressors which make it seem impossible for Earth-like life to thrive there. Some of these stresses include harmful…


Building a better spacesuit for a trip to Mars

An intra-vehicular space suit and a storm shelter will help protect astronauts from radiation during a trip to Mars. Infusing the suit material with graphene…


How does the human body react to being in space?

Is going to space safe for human health? Two astronauts, who were twins, volunteered for a research study to look at how the body changes when it goes into…


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Our coral reef ecosystems, often called “underwater rainforests,” are quickly changing. Coral reefs are elaborate and complex ecosystems and even though they make up only a small fraction of the ocean, they contain 25% of all marine life. Reefs are important cornerstones in the cycling of nutrients and the base of…

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Antibiotic resistance is a major public health crisis worldwide as bacteria develop the ability to defend themselves against many, sometimes all, of the antibiotics we have at our disposal. Infections caused by these bacteria are often life-threatening. In order to continue fighting these infections, we have to figure…

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Parkinson’s disease currently affects over 10 million people worldwide, and in the United States approximately 60,000 people are diagnosed with the disease each year. It is a disease in which the brain cells, or neurons, that produce dopamine progressively die off over time. For this reason, it is known as a…

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What exactly causes aging at a molecular level? The answer to this question is important for understanding and potentially improving health and life itself.  In order to begin to answer this question, researchers at the Institute of Biomedical Chemistry in Moscow turned to fish as their subjects. Fish display a wide…

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When studying Earth’s past, researchers want to understand how nutrients like nitrogen cycled and the impact biology had on them. Scientists rely on ancient rock, soil, fossils, and marine sediment to understand the world that used to be.  Approximately 2.5 billion years ago, oxygenic photosynthesis, the form of…

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Have you ever raised monarch butterflies? Finding eggs on milkweed plants and bringing them indoors to protect them from predators while at the same time watching the beauty of their transformation is a common childhood experience for people in North America. Stemming from the desire to understand and educate people on…

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Space is a dangerous place. Astronauts are wrapped up in layers of protection that regulate pressure, temperature, and oxygen. This protection has been developed through decades of medical research and testing, just to keep astronauts alive. The main space hazards that astronauts need to be protected from are rapid…

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How many times have you hurt yourself badly? How many friends and family members do you know who suffer from sharp pain? In many of these situations doctors will prescribe opioids to numb the pain and prevent the development of bad habits such as avoiding movement. These drugs have gone a long way to make our medical…

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The oceans are warming due to climate change and this will impact all oceanic life, from the smallest plankton to the largest tuna. The web of life in the ocean is complex, and so exactly which ecosystems will be affected and how much they will change is currently being intensely researched. It is especially important…

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Yellowstone National Park is famous for its hot springs, geysers, wildlife, and incredible geology. While the area is popular among visitors every year, scientists are also excited about the hot springs at this site as they create unique habitats for life. Surprisingly, this national park’s hot springs may hold clues…